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College announces 1995 awards and Masterships

From the March 1995 ACP Observer, copyright 1995 by the American College of Physicians.

Thirty-three physicians and an organization will receive honors from ACP at Annual Session in Atlanta. Of those honorees, 22 are Fellows being advanced to Mastership.

1995 awardees

John Phillips Memorial Award--Arthur H. Rubenstein, MACP, of Chicago, for outstanding contributions to the understanding of diabetes. Dr. Rubenstein is chair of the department of medicine at the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, and Lowell T. Coggeshall Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine. He has served as program director for the Diabetes Research and Training Center at the University of Chicago. The widely used assay for the C-peptide of insulin developed in his laboratory has provided a means of studying insulin metabolism in diabetic patients receiving exogeneous insulin.

James D. Bruce Memorial Award--James V. Neel, FACP, of Ann Arbor, Mich., for distinguished contributions in preventive medicine. He is emeritus professor of human genetics and of medicine at the University of Michigan. Dr. Neel's pioneering studies of human genetics, including the discovery of hemoglobin C, led to the understanding of the genetic basis of sickle cell disease. He also investigated the genetic consequences of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

American College of Physicians Award--Alfred G. Gilman, MD, of Dallas, for significant contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of signal transduction. He is a professor and chair of the department of pharmacology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. He also holds the Raymond Willie Distinguished Chair in Molecular Neuropharmacology and is a Regental Professor. Dr. Gilman is best known for his work on G proteins, intermediaries in signal transduction. He showed that G proteins have three subunits, and interconvert between GDP (inactive) and GTP (active) binding forms. The exchange of GTP for bound GDP is catalyzed by the hormone receptor complex.

William C. Menninger Memorial Award--Lewis L. Judd, MD, of LaJolla, Calif., for his many contributions to psychiatry as a clinician, educator, scientist and national leader. He has been director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) since 1987, and created the National Health Leadership Forum, a coalition of 38 major national scientific, professional and advocacy groups oriented to the mentally ill. Under his leadership, NIMH initiated major research plans in neuroscience, child and adolescent mental disorders, schizophrenia and the molecular genetics of mental illness. Dr. Judd is also being honored for his research on psychotropic drug effects on brain mechanisms, the cytogenetics of several mental disorders, and studies on depression, manic-depressive illness, and schizophrenia.

Edward R. Loveland Memorial Award--American Diabetes Association of Alexandria, Va., for distinguished contributions to the understanding and treatment of diabetes and to the education of patients and the general public. Diabetes mellitus is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. Since 1940, the ADA has sponsored continuing medical education and patient education, funded research and sought to reach out to ethnic minorities at greatest risk of developing type II non-insulin-dependent diabetes. ADA President Kathleen Wishner, MD, will accept the award.

Distinguished Teacher Award--Daniel D. Federman, MACP, of Boston, for ennobling qualities as a great teacher of internal medicine and master clinician. Dr. Federman is the Carl W. Walter Professor of Medicine and Medical Education at Harvard Medical School and is also on the staff of Brigham and Women's and Massachusetts General hospitals. He is editor and co-founder of Scientific American Medicine, a unique loose-leaf and CD-ROM textbook and continuing education program in internal medicine. In 1994, he was selected by the Massachusetts Chapter of the College as Physician of the Year.

Alfred Stengel Memorial Award--Lawrence Scherr, MACP, of Manhasset, N.Y., for outstanding service to the American College of Physicians and for his contributions to medical education, practice and clinical research. He is the David J. Greene Distinguished Professor of Medicine at Cornell University Medical College and senior vice president of medical affairs at Cornell's North Shore University. Dr. Scherr served as an ACP Governor for New York Downstate II, Chair of the Board of Governors, Regent, Chair of the Board of Regents in 1985 and President in 1987. He has been a member of almost every committee of the College and chaired the Long Range Planning, Ethics, Building, Awards, Health Policy, and Medical Practice committees. During his tenure, the College enhanced its role in health and public policy, graduate medical education, clinical efficacy and practice, and as the overall voice for internal medicine.

Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation Award #1--Anthony S. Fauci, FACP, of Washington, D.C., for his contributions to our understanding of HIV through creative translational investigation and the application of molecular pathophysiology to the diagnosis and treatment of this complex disease. The award is for a physician-scientist, clinician or scientific group whose recent innovative work is making a notable contribution to improve clinical care in the field of internal medicine. Dr. Fauci is director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), and chief of NIAID's Laboratory of Immunoregulation.

Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation Award #2--Robert M. Heyssel, MD, of Baltimore, for his exceptional contributions in providing both model health care and models whereby a major teaching hospital can work with the community to improve health care delivery and revitalize the neighborhood. The award is given to an individual or organization whose recent original approach in the delivery of health care or on the design of facilities for its delivery will increase its clinical and/or economic effectiveness. Dr. Heyssel, president of Johns Hopkins Hospital, worked with public and private groups to help redevelop East Baltimore's housing and provide adequate health care to residents. He helped expand the hospital into the Johns Hopkins Health Care System-the first HMO in a major teaching hospital-with 80 health care offices across the state. In 1990, Dr. Heyssel was named in Business Week magazine as one of the top five hospital CEOs in the country.

Ralph O. Claypoole Sr. Memorial Award--Edward C. Rosenow III, FACP, of Rochester, Minn., for his outstanding skills as a clinician and as a role model as a member of the clinical faculty. He is the Arthur M. and Gladys D. Gray Professor of Medicine at the Mayo Clinic and an international authority on pulmonary medicine. A gifted teacher and lecturer, his kindness, enthusiastic approach to medicine, and superb clinical skills have served as a great stimulus to a generation of peers, residents and students. He received the Teacher of the Year Award on five different occasions, the Mayo Clinic Fellow's Association recognition of excellence in education, and is a member of the Mayo Fellow's Hall of Fame of Outstanding Teachers. A former ACP Governor for Minnesota, he received the chapter's Laureate Award in 1994.

Nicholas E. Davies Memorial Scholar Award--Albert R. Jonsen, PhD, of Seattle, for scholarly activities in the realm of the humanities or in the history of medicine. Dr. Jonsen is a medical ethicist with a special interest in clinical ethics. He has served on the faculty of the University of California at San Francisco and the University of Washington, where he is now professor of ethics in the medical school and chairman of the department of medical history and ethics. Dr. Jonsen has written and lectured extensively and is generally considered one of the fathers of modern clinical ethics. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a fellow of the Institute of Society, Ethics and Life Sciences.

1995 Masters

Ronald A. Arky of Boston for his contributions as an educator and clinician. Dr. Arky served as chief of medicine at Mount Auburn Hospital for nearly 22 years and was also the internal medicine residency program director much of that time. He served as a role model, clinician, teacher and counselor. As professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, he continues to devote his energies to the education of medical students. He received the Award for Excellence in Preclinical and Clinical Teaching from the Harvard classes of 1979 and 1982.

Lonnie R. Bristow of San Pablo, Calif., for his broad spectrum of accomplishments in organized medicine. In 1994, Dr. Bristow became the first African American to become president-elect of the AMA. He has served on the AMA Board of Trustees for many years, and is also active in the American Society of Internal Medicine, serving as its president in 1981-82. He has held numerous appointments at both the national and state levels. Dr. Bristow is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

Nadine Cecile Bruce of Cleveland, for her leadership among female physicians. Dr. Bruce is chief of the division of general internal medicine and associate program director at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Cleveland. Previously, she was a program director and clinical associate professor of medicine at the University of Hawaii, where she was on the faculty for 20 years. As chair of the College's Under- represented Groups Subcommittee, Dr. Bruce, a former Governor for Hawaii, was instrumental in developing programs and activities that increased the numbers and participation of women and ethnic minority physicians in the ACP.

Jean A. Chapman of Cape Girardeau, Mo., for his contributions to our understanding of allergy and immunology. He is an internist and allergist in Cape Girardeau and helped the American Academy of Family Physicians develop community-based allergy and immunology programs in 62 residency programs nationwide. He teaches allergy and immunology at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine at Carbondale and received the ACP Missouri Chapter's laureate award in 1994.

Clifton R. Cleaveland of Chattanooga, Tenn., in recognition of his many services to internal medicine and to the American College of Physicians. Dr. Cleaveland is in private practice and is also clinical professor of medicine at the University of Tennessee Clinical Education Center in Chattanooga. A former Rhodes Scholar, he has served as ACP Governor for Tennessee and a Regent, and is the College's President. He has served on numerous committees, chairing the Health and Public Policy Committee for two years, and has testified many times before Congress.

Roman W. DeSanctis of Boston, for his many contributions to the understanding of cardiology. He is director of clinical cardiology at Massachusetts General Hospital and a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. He organized the first coronary care unit at Massachusetts General, and served as its director for 10 years. A role model for students for more than 30 years, Dr. DeSanctis received the Gifted Teaching Award from the American College of Cardiology in 1991.

Pablo E. Fletcher of Miami, for his contributions to the understanding of endocrinology and metabolism. Dr. Fletcher is chair of the department of medicine at the University of Panama and national director of the social security system in the Republic of Panama, which provides health care for 85% of the country's population. He has received the Best Teacher Award from the Biannual Graduating Classes of the School of Medicine at the University of Panama 37 times. He is credited with eradicating cretinism in Panama and has worked with endocrinologists throughout Central and South America to address the problem in those areas. He is a former ACP Governor for Central America.

Peter C. Gazes of Charleston, S.C., for his accomplishments in the field of cardiology. He is Distinguished University Professor of Cardiology at the Medical University of South Carolina. Dr. Gazes' chief research interest is in cardiovascular drugs and coronary artery disease, and his major contributions are in clinical cardiology. He has received numerous awards for excellence in teaching, including three student Golden Apple Awards and awards from the classes of 1979, 1980 and 1981 for excellence in teaching.

Jack Geller of San Diego for his contributions to the understanding of endocrinology. He is director of the internal medicine training program at Mercy Hospital and Medical Center and adjunct professor of medicine at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. For more than two decades, Dr. Geller directed an excellent residency training program in a community hospital while also doing original bench research in endocrinology. In 1978, he originated the now well-known concept of panandrogen (adrenal and gonadal) blockade in the treatment of malignant disease of the prostate. He has also pioneered the concept of benign prostatic hypertrophy as an endocrinopathy and has published key data obtained in large clinical trials to support this concept.

Ray W. Gifford Jr. of Cleveland Heights, Ohio, for his contributions to the understanding of hypertension. He is a professor of internal medicine at Ohio State University and retired in 1993 after more than 30 years with the Cleveland Clinic. An internationally recognized leader in the field of hypertension, he has played a major role in numerous major national and international studies and therapeutic trials, as well as educational programs related to hypertension. Dr. Gifford is an outstanding teacher and role model for trainees and has received numerous distinguished teaching awards from residents and fellows.

Rolf M. Gunnar of Riverside, Ill., for his contributions to cardiology and on behalf of the American College of Physicians. He is emeritus professor of medicine at Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine and director of medical affairs at MacNeil Hospital in Berwyn, Ill. He has restarted the Gunnar Medical Group, a private practice group primarily composed of general internists. Dr. Gunnar has served as Governor for Northern Illinois, Regent, Treasurer and Chair of the Board of Regents. He was named Chair of the Board of Regents Emeritus in 1994.

Ian Ritchie Hart of Ottawa, Canada, for his outstanding contributions to medical education. He is a professor of medicine at the University of Ottawa and a former ACP Governor for Ontario. He is best known for his interest in developing and implementing better methods of assessing clinical competence. He was instrumental in bringing the Objective Structured Examination to the University of Ottawa where it was integrated into the undergraduate and residency training programs, and in spreading this type of assessment across the United States and other parts of the world. As director from 1988-1989, he established the McLaughlin Centre for Evaluation of Clinical Competence as a national bilingual center to produce examinations for the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and the Medical Council of Canada.

Sol Katz of Washington, D.C., for his contributions to the understanding of pulmonary disease, and his excellence as a teacher and clinician. He has been a distinguished professor at each of the three medical schools in the District of Columbia and at age 81 remains an active participant in teaching conferences at Georgetown University. He has contributed to and both synthesized and analyzed the findings of others into classic documents on tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, fungal diseases and other pulmonary disorders. In 1952, he began a long series of teaching articles for the journal GP (now American Family Physician) about a variety of pulmonary diseases. He became an associate editor and major contributor to that journal for 35 years.

John H. Laragh of New York, N.Y., for his contributions to the understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of hypertension. He is the Hilda Altschul Master Professor of Medicine and chief of the division of cardiology in the department of medicine at Cornell University Medical College, and director of the hypertension and cardiovascular centers at New York Hospital in New York City. Dr. Laragh's research elucidated the interrelationships and roles of electrolytes, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and renal pathophysiology in the regulation of blood pressure. He identified the plasma renin factor and how to treat it pharmacologically with the goal of preventing heart attack and stroke.

Philip R. Lee of Washington, D.C., for his many efforts to link the needs of patients and the practice of medicine to national health policy. Dr. Lee is assistant secretary for health in HHS, and previously was head of the Physician Payment Review Commission, which shaped the payment reform adopted in 1989. He is also a professor of social medicine at the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine.

Harold Conrad Neu of New York, N.Y., for his contributions to the understanding of infectious disease. He is chief of the division of infectious diseases at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center and also serves as the center's epidemiologist. He has been recognized for teaching, research and patient care. A pioneer in using television in continuing medical education, he received the Distinguished Teacher Award from Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons twice and the Dean's Distinguished Teaching Award in 1993. Dr. Neu has been honored for his research in antimicrobial chemotherapy and holds a Distinguished Citation from the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

James P. Nolan of Buffalo, N.Y., in recognition of his many services to internal medicine and the American College of Physicians. Dr. Nolan is chair of the department of medicine at the State University of New York at Buffalo and chief of medicine at Buffalo General Hospital. He has served the College with distinction as Governor for New York Upstate, President of the New York Chapter, Regent and Chair of the Board of Regents. He was named Governor of the Year in 1988 and has served on numerous committees, including Graduate Medical Education, Bylaws and Finance. He has been a guiding force in the Association of Professors of Medicine and served as its president.

Stephen Gary Pauker of Boston in recognition of his founding of medical informatics as a discipline. He is a professor of medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine. He introduced the concept of threshold probability of disease and was the first to show that formal decision analysis could be applied at the bedside. In 1978, Dr. Pauker founded the clinical decision-making consultation service, which applies the techniques of logic and formal analysis to difficult or unusual tradeoffs in patients. He founded the division of clinical decision making at New England Medical Center and has headed its training program for the past 15 years. He has been chair of the College's Telecommunications and Medical Informatics committees.

Irwin Jacob Schatz of Honolulu for his lifelong commitment to cardiology and medical education. A cardiologist by training, he has maintained a broad perspective on the needs of the medical profession and of the country, and has been a champion of educational reform to recognize the new competencies and skills that future internists will require. Dr. Schatz, a former ACP Governor for Hawaii, is also chairman of the Residency Review Committee in Internal Medicine (RRC). He was able to forge consensus at a time when agreement had sometimes been difficult. He brought other specialties into discussions about collaboration in training generalist physicians, and played an integral role in developing the RRC response to potential workforce reform.

Steven A. Schroeder of Princeton, N.J., in recognition of his leadership in internal medicine, and his efforts to inform the debate on health care reform and improve the care of patients with chronic diseases. Dr. Schroeder is clinical professor of medicine at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, and president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The foundation's role in the field of substance abuse, particularly the anti-tobacco grantmaking, earned it the American Cancer Society's highest award, the Medal of Honor, in 1994. He also resurrected and expanded the faculty development program for generalists formerly funded by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

William White Stead of Little Rock, Ark., in recognition of his dedication to the advancement of medical science and to the care of patients with tuberculosis. Dr. Stead is director of the TB program of the Arkansas Department of Health and is professor of medicine at the University of Arkansas College of Medicine. He developed the Stead Wells spirometer for measuring pulmonary function and redefined the term "reinfection TB" by presenting evidence that most cases of adult tuberculosis resulted from reactivation of residuals of the primary infection. During his 50-year career Dr. Stead also wrote a landmark article that called attention to patients' risk of acquiring tuberculosis after admission to a nursing facility.

Elizabeth Jansson Ziegler of San Diego for her contributions to the understanding of infectious disease and her excellence in teaching. She is a professor of medicine in the division of infectious diseases at the University of California at San Diego. Dr. Ziegler is regarded as a superb teacher in general medicine and infectious diseases, and has received numerous honors. She has been a member of the bacteriology and mycology study section at the NIH, a member of the expert advisory panel on acute bacterial diseases of the WHO, and has published extensively in her field, most notably in the area of gram-negative sepsis.

Honorary Fellow

Norman MacKay of Glasgow, Scotland, for his contributions as an educator and clinician. He is president of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Dr. MacKay is also dean of postgraduate medicine and professor of postgraduate medical education at the University of Glasgow. For nearly 25 years, he has played an active role in the United Kingdom's National Health Service. He was recently was appointed to the Advisory Committee on Medical Establishments. Since 1974, he has served as an examiner in medicine for the University of Glasgow.

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